Tuesday, December 13, 2016

Lots of Research, A Little Politics

MOSTLY RESEARCH AND STUDIES TODAY...

DEPRESSION.
  • Patients with depression can be categorized into four unique subtypes defined by distinct patterns of abnormal connectivity in the brain, according to new research. Find a write-up
  • What to look for to find depression in kids? Watch for anxiety and irritability, according to British researchers. Find out more
  • Early-onset major depressive disorder (MDD) is common in individuals with a family risk of depression. So what signs or symptoms might precede that initial onset of MDD during adolescence among a high-risk group of children with depressed parents? Read more
AUTISM. In children on the spectrum, anxiety is often masked by the symptoms of autism. But a new variant to a standard anxiety screening method has now proven effective in separating the two and it is leading to important diagnoses. Find a write-up.

PERSONALITY. A meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) has identified six loci or regions of the human genome that are significantly linked to personality traits, report researchers. The findings also show correlations with psychiatric disorders. Find a write-up.

ADHD.
  • Genetics is part of ADHD, and new research provides more information on exactly how a "risk gene" might work. Read more
  • "There is growing evidence that the first approach in addressing ADHD should be either nonpharmacologic therapy, especially in younger children, or a combination of medication and lifestyle changes." This is from an article at Medscape on ADHD and whether to use meds. Find it
GENDER. Slight gender variations in attention scores have been well documented, but a new study from Harvard Medical School suggests that these minor gaps widen significantly in places with lower gender equality. Read more.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY. A sedentary lifestyle is linked to poorer reading skills in the first three school years in 6-8 year old boys, according to a new study. The study investigated the longitudinal associations of physical activity and sedentary time with reading and arithmetic skills in 153 children aged 6-8 years old in Grades 1-3 of the primary school. Find a write-up.

PARENTING. When children are falsely successful at games and other challenges, it can lead them to ignore important information in and about the world around them, according to a new study. Find a write-up. And do you ever wonder what your picky eater will do when he or she grows up? The New York Times addresses that question; find the article.
GUT FEELINGS. The microbiome may affect mental illness and interact with treatment. All of us who have experienced a 'nervous stomach' under periods of stress suspect that there is a link between our gut and our mood. Now researchers have received strong scientific support for exactly this link. Find a write-up.

AND SOME POLITICS. Like it or not, the new administration in the U.S. federal government will likely mean changes that affect the 2e community. Here is one area of concern. The Department of Education Office of Civil Rights handles double the number of complaints now as it did eight years ago. This is relevant insofar as the OCR enforces equal access to education for all, including kiddos with disabilities. Read more. Education Week also has an article on the future of the OCR; find it.

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