Friday, August 28, 2015

A Caution, and Items on ADHD, Depression, and More

WE SUMMARIZE lots of studies from the social and medical sciences as we post content here and in other places. We like to believe that the results of those studies are valid and reliable (reproducible). In yesterday's journal Science, research psychologists reported on their efforts to reproduce results from some core studies. They found that in rigorously re-created studies, often the findings were "not nearly as strong as originally claimed," according to the New York Times. What does this mean for those of us in the 2e community? Perhaps that we dial down our willingness to unhesitatingly accept study findings we read in press releases or even in journals -- or, at least, to use those findings as hints and clues to possible action rather than imperatives. It's not easy, especially when many in the community are faced with issues that don't seem to fit "standard" orthodoxy in the first place, and when we're predisposed to want to accept any possible answer to those issues. Read more and ponder.

ADHD 1. ADDitude has posted a "slideshow" called "10 Things I Wish I Knew about ADHD as a Child," and perhaps your child is old enough to appreciate the piece. One of the 10 is "I wish I knew that I was smart." Find the slideshow. (Not sure when the piece is from; ADDitude is stingy with dates.)

ADHD 2: A FOLLOWUP. Several years ago a psychologist wrote an article on the difference between the rate of ADHD diagnosis the U.S. and France. In France, the rate was about .5 percent, much lower than in the U.S. Now an article at the site of the Genetic Literacy Project revisits the issue, covering differences in medical guidelines, medical practice, and even law. (No stimulants for kids under 6 in France.) Find the article.

ADHD 3: "GROWING OUT OF?" We've posted in the past on the topic of "growing out" of ADHD. Now an English study indicates that for those diagnosed in adolescence, as adults "the group... still had problems in terms of reduced brain volume and poorer memory function, irrespective of whether or not they still met diagnostic checklist criteria for ADHD." Maybe not so good news for that bright kiddo you raise or teach. Read more, or just wait for another study with better news.

DEPRESSION: PARENTS' FAULT -- at least insofar as genetics might be concerned. A parent's depression can raise a child's risk three-fold, even more if the parent's depression came before the age of 20, according to an article at Live Mint, a website in India. Think you might have given your kid a bittersweet gift? Read more.

DEPRESSION, SSRIs. An article at Science Daily provides support for the "traditional" view of depression, serotonin, and SSRIs, using evidence from positron emission tomography (PET). Into the biochemistry of depression? Find out more.

BRAIN AND BEHAVIOR FOUNDATION. This organization supplies us today with two resources. The first, an upcoming webinar in the Meet the Scientist series titled "New Approaches in Treating Depression." It's scheduled for September 8 at 2pm ET; find out more. Second is an article titled "Advice for Parents on Suicide and Suicidal Behavior in Young People"; find it.

PERSISTENCE, MOTIVATION, GROWTH. Education Week offers a free "Spotlight" on this topic, a PDF containing six articles on the topics of learning to fail, student motivation, growth mindset, learner independence, and "joyous effort" (great phrase; go, 
Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi). Find the PDF.

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