Thursday, March 31, 2016

New School for the 2e, International Gifted Consortium, and More

2e-FRIENDLY SCHOOL ON LONG ISLAND. Ellen Richer, the founding director of Quad Preparatory School in Manhattan, is starting a school called The Long Island Whole Child Academy. The school is now enrolling students in grades 4-8 for a summer program and for the 2016-17 school year. Open houses are scheduled to provide prospective students and their families with more information. Find out more. To replace Ellen Richer, who did a long commute from Long Island to Manhattan for two years, Quad Prep has named Kris Berman as head of school.

INTERNATIONAL GIFTED CONSORTIUM. Founded by P. Susan Jackson, Vanessa Wood, and Miraca Gross, the organization states its vision this way: "To facilitate a global, collaborative, in-depth examination of giftedness, to collectively better understand, communicate and support the more acute, more intense nature of the social, emotional, intellectual, physical and altruistic characteristics, exhibited by the highly/profoundly gifted child, thereby leading the world to an enriched understanding of the full spectrum of giftedness." Find more information at the organization's website or in a LinkedIn post.

CONNECTICUT EDUCATIONAL FORUM. The Beacon School, a 2e-friendly school in Stamford, is co-hosting an educational forum on April 3. According to a website announcement of the event, it is one of a series of "free educational forums open to all families and students wishing to explore pertinent educational issues and opportunities." Topics for the April 3rd forum include gifted underachievement, early college alternatives, options for college, and more. Find out more.

EEG AS AN ADHD TREATMENT. SharpBrains has an article on its website about the use of a video game combined with an electroencephalogram (EEG) device to reduce symptoms associated with ADHD. The improvements were evidently maintained for at least three months. Read more.

CHILD MIND INSTITUTE. This organization recently published resources on PANDAS, severe and acute-onset OCD. One resource is an article; the other is a parent's guide to the disorder.

SENG. Registration is now open for the 2016 annual conference of the organization Supporting Emotional Needs of the Gifted. Find out more about the conference, which we plan to attend and cover. Separately, SENG is one of the only organizations that supports parents of gifted children with regard to the emotional and other needs of those kiddos. The organization offers multi-week SENG Model Parenting Groups, and this spring it is piloting "SMPG Plus+," a series of one-day parent retreats. Find out more.

LINDA SILVERMAN, a member of the 2e Newsletter Editorial Advisory Board, gave an interview to an East Coast educator interested in visual-spatial learners. Find the interview.

WRIGHTSLAW. Got an IEP in the family? In the current issue of Special Ed Advocate, Wrightslaw provides information on what IDEA requires in terms of annual IEP reviews. Read Special Ed Advocate.

Tuesday, March 29, 2016

Parent Support Groups, Acceleration Conference, Astrology, and More

PARENTS' RESOURCE NEAR/IN NYC. Twice-Exceptional Children's Advocacy (TECA) is offering two parent support groups for parents of 2e kiddos. One is a formal monthly group with a maximum of 16 participants where parents are expected to attend all seven sessions. The other is a "drop-in" group that also meets monthly. Find out more.

PERFECTIONISM. A writer in The Washington Post offers details on her young son's perfectionism and how she has learned to deal with it. Find it.

ACCELERATION INSTITUTE. The Belin-Blank Center at the University of Iowa is offering a conference on acceleration based on the book A Nation Empowered. Scheduled for July 25-26, the event is aimed at gifted ed teachers, administrators, school counselors, and parents. A blog post by the Belin-Blank Center states: "Participants will meet the editors and authors of A Nation Empowered; interact with others who have successfully implemented acceleration in their schools; choose from multiple sessions focusing on practical applications of how to implement acceleration in schools; and create their own plan for next steps!" Find out more.

ADHD MEDS AND SLEEP. A newly published meta-analysis tackles the problem of sleep disturbances in children who take stimulant meds for ADHD. The analysis concluded that "children on these medications take significantly longer to fall asleep, have poorer quality sleep, and sleep for shorter periods." Boys are more affected than girls. If your kiddo seems to have sleep problems, talk to your pediatrician. Read more.

DEPRESSION AND "CALCIUM WAVES." Researchers have discovered that the benefits of stimulating the brain with direct current come from its effects on astrocytes -- not neurons -- in the mouse brain. The work shows that applying direct current to the head releases synchronized waves of calcium from astrocytes that can reduce depressive symptoms and lead to a general increase in neural plasticity. Find out more.

GRIT: NOT SO FAST? Retired professor and occasional contrarian Jim Delisle wrote a piece for Education Week titled "Why I'm Tired of 'Grit.'" He uses the example of the Beatles and another, similar band from Liverpool where both, under the principle of grit and practice, should have been equally successful. But Delisle writes, "The concept of 'grit' has given both pop psychologists and those who discount the importance of genetics yet one more mantra on which to hang their pseudo-theoretical hats." He also takes a swipe or two at Malcom Gladwell. Find the article; free registration might be required. And in last Sunday's New York Times, Angela Duckworth, founder and director of the Character Lab at the University of Pennsylvania, writes about her unease with the practice of using grit, character, and mindset to measure a school's quality. (Note: Duckworth is not against character development, just turning "measures of character intended for research and self-discovery into high-stakes metrics for [school] accountability." Find her opinion piece.

AND FINALLY, THIS. Researchers at the University of Southampton have discovered specific markers on DNA that link the season of birth to risk of allergy in later life.The cause is evidently epigenetic changes that influence later gene expression. A researcher is quoted: “It might sound like a horoscope by the seasons, but now we have scientific evidence for how that horoscope could work. Because season of birth influences so many things, the epigenetic marks discovered in this study could also potentially be the mechanism for other seasonally influenced diseases and traits too, not just allergy. Read more, and get out your astrologer's hat. 

Friday, March 25, 2016

A Personal Story, Genetics, Depression, and More

A PHYSICIST AND DAD of a 2e son writes at Science 2.0 about his son's situation. There's lots of rational material in the essay, and ruminating over concepts like "critical phenomena" as it might apply to ADHD. But there are also the gut-level reactions that us ordinary, non-PhD types feel. He writes, "Kids with processing/attention issues can't do well in traditional school settings. It's even worse for those so-called "twice exceptional" kids who excel in some area (like math or language arts) but suck at everything else. They get called out as willful, disruptive, conniving, manipulative little bastards. Slowly but surely, they believe it themselves, and we lose them if we don't catch them soon enough. I know it now." Find his fascinating essay, in which he also includes the recommendations his son's psychologist provided.

DAMPING DISTRACTION. New research at NYU helps explain some of the mechanisms that might exacerbate autism and ADHD by not filtering out distracting sights and sounds from consciousness. A defective gene called PTCHD1 is the culprit, and it affects the way the thalmus relays sensory information to other parts of the brain. Read more.

MORE GENETICS. One gene can lead to anxiety disorder in adolescence, according to a report at Live Science. Adolescence is a time when new genes are expressed. The gene linked to the way anxiety is regulated is called FAAH, of which 20 percent of people carry a variant that decreases anxiety. The research could pave the way for treatments for the approximately 25 percent of teens who develop anxiety, according to the study write-up. Find the write-up.

DEPRESSION AS A PUBLIC HEALTH PRIORITY. An article at the site of the Huffington Post provides background data on the prevalence of depression and notes a task force's recommendation that "primary health care providers should screen all adults" for depression. The article refers to depression as a "spectrum." Read more.

PSYCHOLOGICAL ISSUES. One in seven American children aged two to eight suffers from a mental, behavioral or developmental problem, federal health officials report. These issues include speech and language problems, learning disabilities, ADHD, autism spectrum disorder, anxiety, and more. That's the bad news. The good news is that your 2e kiddo isn't alone. Find out more.

FOR DAN PETERS FANS. Dan has a new posting at Psychology Today called "Choosing Kindness," in which he channels his grandmother and psychologist Wayne Dyer, both of whom have evidently influenced Dan's view of life. In the post is an illustration of how parents can help children empathize and choose kindness. Find the post.

DEALING WITH SCHOOL. In this week's Special Ed Advocate, Wrightslaw explains how to get access to your child's records at school. "You want to be sure that you have all the documents the school has," says Wrightslaw. Find Special Ed Advocate.

FOLLOW-UP. We wrote about an Education Week "Leaders to Learn From" conference featuring, among others, Carol Dweck. Turns out the conference also featured the new Secretary of Education, John King, along with seven other speakers. Education Week has posted videos of the sessions. Find them. (And thanks for sharing, Ed Week!)

UNDERSTOOD WEBINAR. On April 6, Understood offers a webinar for parents and educators on executive function, covering "the latest advances in science, skill-building and success strategies." Looks like it's free. Find out more.

THE CHILD MIND INSTITUTE has posted an article titled "Tips for Recognizing Learning Disorders in the Classroom." The subtitle: "Common signs that can hide in plain sight." If you raise or teach a 2e kiddo, chances are you'll recognize at least some of these signs. Find the article.

DAVIDSON INSTITUTE. This organization's March newsletter is out, featuring information about the Intel Science Talent Search winners, books on gifted ed, information about DITD programs and opportunities, and legislative news. Find the newsletter.

Wednesday, March 23, 2016

Conferences, AT, Evaluations, and More

ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY. New Yorker Jenn Choi provides some useful leads for technology in an article at her site Toys Are Tools. The article, titled "Technology, 2e Kids, and the Pursuit of Happiness," gives her choices for tools that help with reading and writing. She also offers her perspective as parent; for example, she's got a problem with the term "assistive technology" that will make sense when you read the article. Also in the article: a gif of a hilarious "Useless Box" toy. Find the article.

CAROL DWECK gave a keynote at an Education Week conference earlier this month, and Ed Week has posted a summary of that talk on its site. Included are six "tips" from the talk, for example "A growth mindset is not a panacea, but it does empower [students] and help them learn." Find the summary and pray that you haven't used up your free Education Week reads for the month.

SENG CONFERENCE REGISTRATION is now open. The annual conference, scheduled for July 22-24 in Colonial Williamsburg, Virginia, promises "pre-conference activities, four keynote addresses, 88 general sessions, a children's program, an exhibitors hall, and more," according to the organization. SENG is always, in our experience, a good event for those in the 2e community. Find out more.

TECHNOLOGY AND SELs. An article in THE Journal describes a new report on the use of educational technology to help develop social-emotional learning. The article summarizes the benefits and opportunities in using technology to teach SELs, and points to a full, free, PDF version of the report. Find the article.

WRIGHTSLAW says, "Before educators can design an effective remedial program for your child, they must understand the exact nature of your child's weaknesses." The current issue of Special Ed Advocate, focusing on evaluations, tells what the law requires for evaluations, the benefits of an evaluation, and how to find an evaluator. Read Special Ed Advocate.

NEW TOOL FOR DEPRESSION? A chemical discovered at the University of California, Davis, may be a new, innovative tool to control depression, according to information released by the university. The research involves studies of an inhibitor of soluble epoxide hydrolase in rodents. Soluble epoxide hydrolase, or sEH, is emerging as a therapeutic target that acts on a number of inflammatory or inflammation-linked diseases. Read more. SEPARATELY, an article at the site of the Dana Foundation describes "the search for the signature of depression." A marker or biological predictor of depression would help identify those at risk for depression and would also guide later treatment. Find the article.

ADHD: FOLLOW-UP. We wrote last week about a study indicating that the youngest children in a kindergarten class are more liable to be diagnosed with ADHD. This week, the Child Mind Institute has on its site an article on avoiding misdiagnosis when a child is young for his or her class. Find it.

THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION has a new head, John King, whose nomination was approved by the Senate last week. Policy wonks may find information on the confirmation at the site of the CEC. If and when we find out where Secretary King stands on twice-exceptionality, we'll pass that on.

HOW WORKING MEMORY WORKS. Interested? Read how in Science Daily.

AND FINALLY, THIS -- nothing to do with 2e but which might be of interest -- a description of "seven under-the-radar family travel destinations" in The Washington Post. We can personally vouch for a couple of them, Sleeping Bear Dunes and Mesa Verde. Planning summer? Find the article.

Monday, March 14, 2016

Pi Day, BAW, ADHD, and Posting about Your Kiddo

IMPRESS YOUR BRIGHT KIDDO by knowing that today is Pi day -- March 14, 3/14, 3.14159 etc. Find out more. Or, order an inexpensive Raspberry Pi device so your young person can tinker and learn computing basics. Read about the Raspberry Pi in PC World.

THIS WEEK IS BRAIN AWARENESS WEEK. It was started by the Dana Foundation "to increase public awareness of the progress and benefits of brain research." Now, that's a goal that's near and dear to the hearts -- and minds -- of those in the 2e community, 'coz that research sheds light on all the "e's," including e's that challenge and e's that fulfill. You can find out more about BAW and how people observe it at the site of the Dana Foundation.

HAVE YOU SEEN the documentary "2e: Twice-Exceptional"? Education Week did a review of it in conjunction with its showing at the New York City ReelAbilities Film Festival. The review is here; you might have to register for access. Other info is at the site of the movie.

ADHD. A new study scheduled for publication in The Journal of Pediatrics found that a child's age at school entry may have an effect on the diagnosis of ADHD. Using a cut-off birthdate of August 31 for school enrollment, the researchers compared the youngest children in a grade (those born in August) with the oldest (those born in September) and assessed whether age was associated with being diagnosed with ADHD and/or being medicated. The analysis showed that children born in August were more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD and/or receive ADHD medication than those born in September. When broken down and analyzed according to age, only preschool or elementary school-aged children born in August had an increased risk of being diagnosed with ADHD and receiving ADHD medication. However, adolescents born in August did not have an increased risk of ADHD diagnosis. This may imply that increasing age and maturity lessens the impact of birth month on ADHD diagnoses. Read more.

THIS IS YOUR BRAIN ON DRUGS -- drugs like stimulant meds for ADHD. That's the starting point for a neurobiologist featured in a TED article (not a talk!) on whether medication is the right thing, whether there's another way (like behavioral therapy), and what it would take our society to push behavioral therapy more than we currently do. The article also touches on the idea of ADHD as a spectrum of behavior (not a spectrum disorder). Find the article.

VIDEO GAMES. We've bashed -- or at least been skeptical about -- the effects of video gaming on young people. Regarding those effects, Medical News Today says, "Overall, a range of studies have produced contradictory and inconclusive results." But MNT goes on to discuss a recent study, the results of which "indicated that high video game usage led to a 1.75 times greater chance of high intellectual functioning and 1.88 times chance of high overall school competence." There should be limits, of course, on time. But maybe gaming isn't as bad as some of us assumed. Read more.

BRAIN WAVES AND ASD. Brain maps of people with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) show different levels of connectivity between parts of the brain compared with typical individuals. QEEG studies show:
  • Fewer beta waves throughout the brain than normal, indicating under-connectivity throughout the brain. Decreased beta waves are usually associated with attention problems, learning disabilities and brain injuries.
  • Excessive slow and fast waves in the frontal lobe. This might suggest faulty connections between the front and back regions of the brain.
  • Reduced alpha waves in brain regions associated with senses and gross motor movement, which might explain why they could not mimic instructed tasks.
Find the study write-up.

INTEL SCIENCE TALENT SEARCH. If you enjoy reading about bright young people who are doing original research, check out an article about the finalists in this year's Intel Science Talent Search. The writer notes, "It can be deeply humbling to scroll through their project descriptions and biographies. And it also can inspire hope: These young people are looking for answers to some of the world’s most intractable problems, and they’re making important progress. They also have interests outside of science, from dancing to skiing to soccer and music." Find the article.

IN THE HABIT OF POSTING about your child on social media? There might be a disconnect between what you think is appropriate and what your child thinks is appropriate. Read more.

Thursday, March 10, 2016

Javits Funding, Asking for Your Experience, Depression, and More

CEC is giving you a chance to advocate for increased funding for the Javits Act, the only federal initiative for gifted education (sigh). The Act is evidently supposed to be funded for 2017 in the munificent amount of $12 million. Congress has historically been pretty stingy in money for gifted ed, so let them know what you think. You can also take action through NAGC. Either way, please do it before March 16.

WE HEARD FROM a parent who is considering the formation of a micro school in Fairfield County, Connecticut, for kids with ASD/ADHD who are gifted/highly gifted. She says she is working with a child psychologist, a curricula lead, and a consultant. She continues, "I'd like to hear from parents in the area who would be interested in exploring the possibility of a small environment, grouped according to ability for September 2016. We are limiting it to 10 students." Interested families may contact this parent directly at If you'd prefer, contact us (Mark at and we'll forward your email.

FOR 2e NEWSLETTER. How about sharing "the best thing I ever did for my 2e child (or student)" for possible inclusion in the newsletter. Just a few sentences or a paragraph on something you remember that made a difference to you or that 2e kiddo. Share with Mark at Attribution in the newsletter can be anonymous or by first name only; let us know. Bring a little "Yes!" to the newsletter. Thanks!

2e NETWORK IN LA. Marcie and Mike Booth run the 2e Network in Los Angeles, and they offer three community sites:
Check them out.

BREAKTHROUGHS IN 2e EDUCATION. The full program for this conference is now available. The conference is March 17 (evening only) and 18 in Manhattan. Find out more.

DYSLEXIC ADVANTAGE has announced the winners of the Karina Eide 2016 Young Writers Awards. Find the winners -- and their works.

UNDERSTOOD is offering a free streaming event at 9 p.m. ET on Tuesday, March 15. The organization says the event is "to educate and empower parents, teachers and others to help the 1 in 5 children with learning and attention issues get the support they need to succeed." Find out more. AND QUICK, this afternoon you can attend a "Teacher Talk" titled "The Difference Between Receptive and Expressive Language," scheduled for 4:30 ET. Find out more. And finally, Understood has posted 11 "great quotes" about dyslexia chosen to inspire; find them.

JEN THE BLOGGER reflects on the advantages of having live, live-in (and young) tech support, and in the process offers perspective to parents who might be earlier than she is in the 2e "journey." Find the blog.

WHAT STARTS OUT AS a gee-whiz article describing the use of light-sensitive genes to treat depression turns into a nice reprise of depression discoveries over the past few years, along with a great profile of an innovative scientist who is focused on the subject of depression. The article also describes a form of depression therapy using near-infrared light that in a double-blind study gave good results to depressed patients. Read more.

THE BRAINS OF ANXIOUS PEOPLE experience the world differently. A write-up of research at the Huffington Post describes it this way: "...the brain was unable to distinguish new, irrelevant situations from something that's familiar or non-threatening, resulting in anxiety. In other words, anxious individuals tend to overgeneralize emotional experiences, whether they are threatening or not." Find the write-up.

CONFERENCE COVERAGE BY OTHERS. Readers of 2e Newsletter are used to seeing our coverage of 2e-related conference sessions. KQED News covered a session at a Learning and the Brain conference. The topic was motivating reluctant learners, and the presenter gave 20 strategies for accomplishing that. Find the coverage.

Monday, March 7, 2016

2e Video, ADHD, Tourette's, Anxiety in Kids, Sleeping In, and More

WE'RE PLEASED TO OFFER a new video on our YouTube "channel," this one featuring Beverly Trail, Ed.D, author of the book Twice-Exceptional Gifted Children (from Prufrock Press). At SENG 2015, Beverly sat down with the publishers of 2e Newsletter and offered all kinds of tips for educating twice-exceptional students. We hope you find it useful. Thanks, Beverly! Find the video.

ADHD MEDS, BONE DENSITY. Research indicates that the use of stimulant meds is associated with lower bone density in the children who took such medications. In fact, about 25 percent of those children met the criteria for osteopenia, a thinning of bone mass that's not as severe as osteoporosis. According to one write-up of the research, "although a link between osteopenia in childhood and osteoporosis in later life has not been confirmed, low bone density in children could potentially have long-term consequences, including poor bone health in adulthood, because childhood is when bones gain mass and strength." Read more.

TWO RELATED ITEMS ON ADHD. First, apparently young people who misuse stimulant medications (like those prescribed for ADHD) do so with meds obtained from someone else. Read more. Second, an editorial in the Medical Journal of Australia calls for "more careful assessment and diagnosis" of ADHD to prevent overprescription of stimulant meds and consequent misuse of those meds. Read more.

DEFIANCE? OR ANXIETY? A mom (who is also a writer of middle-grade and YA novels) writes in the Washington Post about her son and her journey in parsing defiance from anxiety. She passes along six tactics for helping a child cope with his behavior. Among those: give names to the various "worry monsters" that plague the child. Read more.

HOMESCHOOLING BENEFIT. Teens who are homeschooled benefit from healthier sleep habits than those who go to most private and public schools, a new study has concluded. The findings provide additional evidence of teens' altered biological clocks and support an argument for starting traditional high school later in the morning. Find a write-up of the study.

CELLPHONES AND MENTAL HEALTH. Is cellphone use detrimental to mental health? A new study finds that addiction to, and not simply use of, mobile technology is linked to anxiety and depression in college-age students. Find a write-up of the study.

DBS AND TOURETTE'S. A recent study shows that targeting the thalmus region with deep brain stimulation can be effective in treating severe, medication-resistant Tourette Syndrome. Find out more.

LD ONLINE has issued its March newsletter, focusing on helping students who struggle with written expression. Find the newsletter.

FOR NUMBERS NERDS, 1. The U.S. government has a facility with which you can see how many people are the websites of particular agencies, which pages they're on, where they're from geographically, and whether they're sitting at their computers in their pajamas (just kidding about that last one). Want to see? Try the site of the U.S. Department of Education.

FOR NUMBERS NERDS, 2. Big and small numbers are processed in different sides of your brain. Yup. The Internet tells us so, so it must be true. Actually, scientists at the Imperial College London tell us so. Find out more.

FOR POLICY NERDS. The U.S. government has compiled a list of FAQs about the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA). 
  • For example: "Where can the public access the text of the act?" (Answer: The full text of the ESSA is available at 114s1177enr/pdf/BILLS-114s1177enr.pdf. In addition, the full text of the ESEA, as amended by the ESSA, is available at 0Of%201965.pdf.) 
  • Example: "What must a State and its LEAs include in State and local report cards with respect to AYP, since a State is no longer required to submit AMOs to ED for review and approval?" If you're so much of a policy nerd that you 1) understand the question and 2) need the answer, go to the FAQs

Wednesday, March 2, 2016

ADHD, Dyslexia, Transitions, Advocacy, and More

ADHD IN THE WASHINGTON POST. The Post has published Parts 2 and 3 of a series of posts by Valerie Strauss on ADHD, based on the writings of Ned Hallowell. Part 2 is titled "What Many Parents and Teachers Don't Understand about ADHD in Kids," about the diagnosis and medication of ADHD. Part 3 consists of ten misconceptions about ADHD. (We have a feeling that readers here would not be at all susceptible to the misconceptions, however. See what you think.)

TENNESSEE DYSLEXIA RESOURCE. The Tennessee Center for the Study and Treatment of Dyslexia, in Murfreesboro, offers a variety of resources for students, families, and educators. Coming up on March 5 is a free half-day reading conference on literacy education. An article about the Center explains more about the event and the Center's activities; find it.

CHILD MIND INSTITUTE. The often disruptive "transition" is the topic of a new article at the site of the Child Mind Institute. If this is an issue at your house, find the article and its tips for smoothing transitions. The article notes how transitions can be a bugaboo for kids with ADHD, anxiety, ASD, and SPD -- but we surely don't need to tell you that. Find the article.
AUTISM SCREENING. A company is screening blood samples in an effort to develop a biologically based method to diagnose autism. The company specializes in detecting the byproducts of cellular activity and then applying high-powered statistics to detect patterns among thousands of metabolites. Read more.

DIAGNOSING ADHD. If you're heavily into the details of rating scales for diagnosing ADHD, you might be interested to know that recent research evidently indicates that the commonly-used scales are of comparable effectiveness, with some caveats. Find a write-up of the study, which originally appeared in the journal Pediatrics.

IN AUSTRALIA? Do you know about Jo Freitag's Gifted Resources Newsletter? In it, she reports on gifted and 2e-related news from Down Under and the rest of the world. In this issue she previews Gifted Awareness Week in Australia. And if you like exploring the Internet, she usually provides a list of "interesting websites and blog posts" to take you around gifted hyperspace. Find the current issue.

HARD-CORE ADVOCATES: Applications are now being considered for this summer's William and Mary Law Institute of Special Education Advocacy, July 31 through August 5 in Williamsburg, Virginia. According to Wrightslaw, "The purpose of this program is to provide training in special education advocacy for experienced advocates, law students, new attorneys, and attorneys who are new to special education law. The program will include 25 sessions on applicable laws, ethics, best practices in advocacy, strategies in working with parents and schools, and dispute resolution procedures, taught by national leaders in the field." Find out more. (You could go to the SENG Conference in Williamsburg from July 22 to 24, then hang around Virginia until the advocacy event started. :-) )